Residential Real Estate
Somerset County’s Real Estate Market Conditions July 2019
Get ahead of the residential real estate market drivers in Hunterdon County, New Jersey with Coldwell Banker Residential Broker sales associate, Joe Peters. Joe’s monthly report walks people through the economic conditions and trends that influence our local markets. You will come away knowing what is happening and more importantly, why it is happening. As a result, you will be better informed to make home buying and selling decisions.
What is happening
Based on the last full month’s contract sales, statistics show a supply of approximately four months. Normal market conditions average four to five months in Somerset County. Units going under contract averaged 44 days on the market. 430 properties went “under contract” in June compared to 500 in the prior month. Newly listed properties in the same period totaled 491.
Somerset County Inventory Breakdown By Price For Last Month:
|Condos/Town Houses *||182||149||467||3|
|Over 55 Communities*||17||11||64||6|
|$000K to $199K||37||29||73||3|
|$200K to $299K||69||99||168||2|
|$300K to $399K||94||90||235||3|
|$400K to $499K||60||48||158||3|
|$500K to $599K||55||57||180||3|
|$600K to $699K||52||39||144||4|
|$700K to $799K||42||22||157||7|
|$800K to $899K||27||14||111||8|
|$900K to $999K||20||6||101||17|
|$1,000K and Up||35||26||253||10|
|Totals for June||491||430||1580||4|
|Average Days on Market||44|
|* Included in $ breakdowns|
- 62% of sales in houses < $500,000
- 32% of sales in houses > $500,000 and < $1,000,000
- 06% percent of total sales (or 26 in total) in houses >$1,000,000
Somerset County Inventory Breakdown Location For Last Month:
in the Last Month
|Far Hills Boro||8||1||8|
|Rocky Hill Boro||4||0|
|South Bound Brook||17||3||6|
Only two areas in Somerset County reported no sales in the past month
- Rocky Hill
Two areas reported one or two sales each last month
- Far Hills
- Bernards – 43 sales
- Bridgewater – 68 sales
- Franklin – 75 sales
- Hillsborough – 56 sales
- Montgomery – 30 sales
These hotspot areas equaled 63% of the sales last month. The average new listing coming on the market last month neared $553,028 The average price of a unit going “under contract” neared $507,866 (8% less).
Note: To get an accurate price point for your property based on its location and price point, contact me. Coldwell Banker’s big data technology capabilities will put you at a unique advantage. I can show you the latest age and earnings breakdown for your particular area, show you where people are moving into that area from and how I can market to those specific areas and demographics directly. The result is in you receiving the maximum selling price with a shorter time on the market. Houses priced and marketed accurately sell faster, especially with a real estate industry veteran and local expert, helping you navigate the process.
Why it is happening
New Jersey’s Economic Drivers:
New Jersey Home Sales:
For the first time in three years, we have seen an improvement in the inventory situation over the past seven months (but is still far below what is needed). Let’s hope that it is the beginning of a trend.
The still low inventory numbers lead to a bit of softening in the price appreciation on existing homes and a slowdown in growth. It is turning the tide back to a buyers market (or at least neutralize it to being a normal market).
We saw an increase of 1% in home sales in NJ in May. Year to date we are 3% above 2018. It should be noted that this is not state-wide. Only 12 of the 21 counties have benefited from an increase in sales.
Increases in inventory have occurred in all price points above $400,000 with the $400,000 to $600,000 range seeing the largest jump followed by the $600,000 to $1,000,000 range.
The under $400,000 range saw a 5% drop n inventory.
Activity still concentrates in the under $400,000 market where Millennial buyers are transitioning into homeownership. But, this price point only saw a slight increase vs. 2018 YTD due to lack of inventory. The $400 to $600K range also saw a 13% increase YTD due to additional inventory coming on the market in that price range.
During the same period, all housing sales above $600,000 and below $1 million showed very modest increases showing confidence in the changes made on taxes and deregulation. There has also been an improvement at the very high-end in towns where rail service to Manhattan is available. Houses above $1 million showed a small increase as well.
At the same time, the number of homes offered for sale in New Jersey remained low (but rose by 7% last month). Currently, ~30,000 fewer homes (-41%) are on the market compared to the 2011 peak.
Current unsold inventory in New Jersey varies widely by county with only 2.7 months in some and none being above 8.0.
We still have an acute shortage of inventory in both Hunterdon and Somerset counties in our more popular price points and locations.
Hunterdon and Somerset County have about 8% & -1% more inventory than we had a year ago respectively, but about the sales in 0% less in Hunterdon & 6% less in Somerset.
The market has changed from a seller’s to a buyer’s market above $500K due to the additional inventory coming on to the market.
Also, we are now seeing some millennials coming back into our local markets and buying homes (good news).
Interest rates have dropped slightly further over the last month.
The economy is strengthening, and Interest rates have fallen in recent weeks to just over 3.8% for a 30-year conventional mortgage. A fifteen-year conventional mortgage rests at just over the 3.25% mark. Five-year arms are just under the 3.5% range.
Consumer fears of further rises in interest rates and slowly rising home prices are driving the current market demand. The Fed appears to have interest rates on hold for the first two quarters (and maybe the year). We might even see a downward adjustment.
The fear of increasing interest rates, coupled with steadily increases in prices, is still driving the current market activity.
National Job Front:
On the national level, the US added over 2,700,000+ jobs in 2018 (an improvement over the initial reports).
US unemployment rate in May came in with 75,000 jobs added. And unemployment remained at 3.6%.
As of the end of May, the US had added 820,000 jobs vs. around 2 million the prior year.
At the end of May, there were 7.4+ million openings compared to nearly 5.2 million unemployed persons.
Consumer confidence is the highest since 2004.
New Jersey Job Front:
NJ added 39,000+ jobs in 2018 as compared to 47,100 for the same period in 2017.
The NJ unemployment rate rose slightly to 3.9% (the lowest it has been on over ten years) bolstering consumer confidence in NJ as well. In effect, NJ is rising with the national tide of nearly full employment. We added jobs in January, but lost jobs in February and then added 3,600 in March. April added 11,800 more jobs. And in May we saw a loss of &,600 jobs. Based on these five month’s results, 2019 the state has added 14,700+ jobs in 2019 vs. only 8,200 for the same period in the prior year.
The level of jobs created was at a much higher level than in the past several years (a silver lining as these additions to our job market will be able to afford to buy houses eventually).
It also should be noted that these jobs are mostly in the northern half of the state.
Rental Market Trends:
We still have an extremely tight (but improving) rental market.
Rental prices in New Jersey rose nearly 5% in 2018, averaging just over $1,600 per unit. Current vacancy rates in New Jersey have fallen to just under 4% statewide and 2.7% in central NJ. This rise resulted in part by a rapid increase in building in this sector.
The drop in New Jersey’s homeownership contributes to rental demand. A 12+ year trend shows a decrease from 71% to 66%. This 7% decrease compared to an 8% national decrease contributes to the slower recovery of home prices in the state and adds over 20,000+ additional renters in our state. However, the 71% level as a result of the loose lending standards of the early 2000s and is actually at a good level. Households with no children stand at 65%, reflecting the decline in our school population.
One article states that the average homeowner who is 65+ has an average net wealth of over $318K while the same for a renter is only just under $8K. It also offers a stable place to live, an evident hedge against inflation and a way to build wealth (a strong argument for homeownership).
However, the number of renters has increased by 7% over the past 25 years, with the less educated leading the way. And, we are now seeing more educated millennials moving east into higher rent and cost of living areas that eat into their discretionary income (including savings). It makes one wonder where this all is heading.
The pace of new rental construction has increased to meet this demand.
New Jersey Foreclosures:
New Jersey continues to face high, but falling foreclosure rate filings remained at 2.2%. Other states have begun to, or already have recovered. In a tight real estate market, these foreclosures sell at a small discount.
Note: Figures vary by the local market, especially those walloped by Hurricane Sandy three years ago and rural and urban areas. We rank #5 in the country with 2.2%, led by NY with 3.0%, MS with 3.0% (mostly hurricane-related) LA with 2.7%, ME with 2.3% and trailed by FL, DE, MD, PA, and AL. The national baseline number sits at a little under 1.4%.
Foreclosures in NJ in 2018 were the lowest in the state in over four years. And, 2019 looks to be even better with a forecast of under 43,600 foreclosure filings.
Tax cuts and Jobs Act effect:
Three specific areas had appeared as concerns. State and Local Taxes (SALT), Mortgage and Interest Deductions (MID) and Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC) Loan interest deductions.
In a nutshell, these changes appear to be having little impact to date, but there will be some very high-end people affected, and that will, in turn, affect that segment of the market. That effect might slow the price growth in higher priced homes in NJ and even turn into a deficit in some most affluent areas.
The initial findings after people are returning from their accountants is promising with many low to moderate-income bracket taxpayers finding that they have more money in their pocket that they expected. Let’s see how this plays out.
Real Estate Market Recap
- Nationally, 2018 was the eighth straight year of 2 million + job gains.
- We are now in our longest economic expansion period in America’s history with 104 months of positive job gains.
- The GDP is still rising (although its rate of increase seems to be slowing).
- At 3.6% unemployment, NJ is now near to the national average, which is also currently at 3.6% & leading economic indicators in NJ are now surpassing the nation by almost two-fold.
- The best paying and most attractive jobs are in NYC, pulling many of our millennials in that direction.
- And, wages are up 3.2% at the same time.
- Interest rates have dropped to surprising lows of under 4% since the first of the year.
- And, house prices have risen around 3+% in the more popular housing price points and areas further exasperating the situation (although this appreciation now appears to be slowing).
- Baby boomers who were choosing to “stay put’ and update rather than “move up” to their dream house as it is no longer considered a sound investment (and a lot of times inventory is simply not available) which is causing most of the housing shortage are now finding available inventory. This situation has loosened up as many new listings have come on the market over the past few months.
- And there is still little entry-level construction going on in our area, just larger homes and new rentals.
- As a result of the previous two points, we are experiencing the current housing inventory shortage (the shelves are empty in our starter housing price points).
- And, some houses are starting to appear as empty at out higher price points.
- Foreclosures are on the decline.
- There is continued confidence that the new tax and jobs act will further stimulate the economy with more jobs as the economy remains robust.
- The new tax rules appear only to affect our very high-end buyers. We are seeing a lot of smiles on the faces of those that have done their taxes already.
Changes in lifestyle:
- The average age at marriage is now in the mid to late ’30s (up seven years from just a decade ago).
- Families usually have only one to two children due to costs and the ability to choose.
- 70% of all NJ homes have no children of school age, and 50% do not have more than one person in them. This factor minimizes the need for larger housing.
- Demand for larger houses has diminished not only in NJ but everywhere.
- As a result of job opportunities, buyers are gravitating to areas within 15 miles of NYC with good mass transportation systems.
- 80% of consumers still perceive homeownership as part of the American Dream. It is just what they want to buy (or rent) that has changed.
- Builders have been thinking larger 4 BR center hall colonials on 1+ acre in the country (based mostly on local building codes).
- Buyers are thinking of smaller luxury hi-rise close to mass transportation and work in the east (truly a mismatch).
- 60% of all new housing starts in 2018 in NJ were in the rental sector.
- We experienced a sales slump in late 2018 due to interest rate hikes.
- It appears that we are now entering the next phase of the housing cycle which is still active, just less robust. Sort of a cool down from 2018. Or, maybe back to normal.
- And, we are starting to see some warnings of an economic slowdown starting in late 2020 and beyond as the fed might adjust interest rates to curb inflation.
- However, these warnings are not holding back sales activity. We might just see a few fewer sales and a little lower price appreciation as a result.
- The effect on housing is seen to be limited to curtailing the growth of price appreciation and not in any loss in value.
- But, in general, homeowners are sitting with more equity than ever (NJ reports 92% with positive equity) and are no longer using their homes as an ATM. So, the effect of any slowdown on housing should be minimal (if at all).
- Consumer confidence remains high nation-wide based on the job and stock market increases.
- Most consumers still see homeownership as a sound investment.
- There is a bit of offset to this encouraging news from the discord that we see in our national politics.
- This confidence is reflected in buyer traffic being up at open houses. However, with a lack of inventory in our lower price points, there are fewer houses for sale.
- Affordability will never be in this good of shape as interest and price increases start to eat into what you can afford.
- Millennials make up about 35% of our current homeowners with much more room for expansion at the lower end of the market when adequate inventory supply materializes.
- Central New Jersey’s trend in early 2019 shows an increase in home sales but price increases only in houses clustered in < $400,000 market where the first-time buyers and Millennials are focused.
- The >$400K market holds steady to diminishing slightly, depending on location and price. Often when a >$600K property goes on the market, it’s competing with a >$700K that needs to sell quickly (etc.).
- Minimal new construction, lack of entry-level new housing, and COAH restrictions add additional value to the current inventory.
- Analysts’ five-year forecast indicates slow but steady price growth (but at reduced rates) at an annual average of 2 to 4% (depending on location and price point). This price growth will remain higher in the under $400K market.
- There is an acute shortage of inventory in both Hunterdon and Somerset County in our more popular price points and locations holding back sales. In general, we have only about 40% of the inventory that we had in 2011.
- It is simple; we could sell more houses if we had more inventory on hand, And, as we have started to see small inventory increases over the past six months, 2019 can be a boom for resales.
- In 2018 prices rose ~ averaging just over 3.5% and depending on price points and locations. 2019 promises to be more normalized with a 2 to 3% growth in prices. But it depends on your price point and location. The following two years will also see less in % but should still show modest growth.
- Mortgage delinquency is normalizing.
- The economy will continue to prosper with no recession currently in sight for the next 24 to 36 months. And, there most likely will be only a slowdown impact on the rate of price appreciation if this happens.
- Prime Interest rates will probably not climb too much further in 2019. They could even drop.
- Home prices will rise by an average of another 2 to 3% during that same period (this will depend on your price point and location) further decreasing buying power.
- While improving, supply will remain tight in the more popular price points in the residential real estate.
- Many new jobs seem to be resulting from the Tax and Jobs act (just look at the help wanted signs).
- For the first time in memory, the US is reporting 7.4+million open jobs and only 5.8 million unemployed. We are at full employment if you consider that 3% of unemployed is the normal level.
- We now need to match the skills of the unemployed to the job openings to prosper further as many four-year degrees currently being obtained, are not useful in the current job market. It has also opened up the need for inward migration of workers to out the economy.
- The affordability index shows that there is room for much more sales; we just need an increase in inventory. The most affordable time to buy appears to be now!.
- Some high-end fall-out has resulted in the residential real estate from the SALT and mortgage interest changes in the Tax and Jobs act.
- The commercial real estate market is flourishing as a result of creating more buying demand.
- People in their home > 10 years have very positive home equity built up, and a more significant portion of payments applies to principle. Increases in selling prices should eventually motivate people to make changes in their lifestyle by investing in summer homes or even start a new business with the extra equity cash.
Note: Presented as a public service by Joe Peters of Coldwell Banker Residential Brokerage. I took reasonable precautions for presenting this information. Please consult with a professional sales agent and take no actions based on my opinions, gathered trends, and statistics. I assume no liability.
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